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What does the Hohenstein Performance Index evaluate?

The performance of clothing, especially sports and outdoor textiles, can be tested and classified using the DIN CEN/TR 16422 standard test methods. These tests are ideally suited for characterizing the thermoregulatory properties of clothing layers - specific to the application.

Since it is not possible to combine all properties in a single garment, a clothing system consisting of several layers is often recommended for sports and outdoor applications.

 

What are clothing layers?

Outer Shell Layer
The outer layer of clothing protects the wearer from external environmental factors, such as wind or rain.

Mid Layer
The mid layer of clothing provides most of the insulation by trapping and storing warm air.

Base Layer
The lower layer of clothing, commonly referred to as the "second skin" - is worn directly on the skin and should effectively absorb and wick away sweat.

Test Criteria

Basic functions of outdoor clothing that determine the wear comfort and thermoregulatory properties of textile products:

The thermoregulation model of human skin (or skin model) is a measuring device that simulates both dry and sweating human skin. The skin model is used to determine material-specific, thermophysiological parameters of textiles as a surface material (according to DIN EN ISO 11092).

When determining the thermal resistance (thermal insulation), we describe the wearing condition in which there is a constant flow of heat from the wearer's body to the environment, over time. The results provide information about the thermal insulation of the material.

The thermoregulation model of human skin (or skin model) is a measuring device that simulates both dry and sweating human skin. The skin model is used to determine material-specific, thermophysiological parameters of textiles as a surface material (according to DIN EN ISO 11092).

When determining the water vapor transmission resistance (breathability), we describe the wearing condition in which there is a constant flow of moisture from the wearer's body to the environment, over time. Moisture is released from the skin in the form of water vapor. However, similar to thermal insulation, the breathability of a textile depends on the thickness of the textile. Therefore, the water vapor transmission index puts breathability and thermal insulation in relation to each other, so that a statement can be made about the water vapor transport capacity of the textile, independent of the material thickness.

For the evaluation of product performance, especially of base layer garments (textiles worn close to the skin), sweat management is of great importance.

When determining the buffering effect of liquid sweat and sweat transport (DIN CEN/TR 16422 Annex B), we describe the condition in which the wearer sweats so much that liquid sweat occurs. In general, base layer materials should be able to rapidly absorb the sweat produced by the wearer and dissipate it to the environment.

Air permeability is determined (with the DIN EN ISO 9237 standard) by clamping a flat material sample in the test instrument and setting the air flow to a specified differential pressure. The air velocity is the volume of air - per unit of time and area - that flows through the sample.

Textiles labeled as waterproof should allow NO water to pass through. Even after extended time in the rain, the wearer should remain completely dry under a waterproof outer shell garment. The hydrostatic pressure test (DIN EN ISO 20811) proves the resistance of textiles to water penetration.

Textiles that are water-repellent remain dry on the outside. The fabric does not absorb water. Rain or other liquids bead off the surface. This effect is maintained if the fabric is exposed to rain for a long period of time, but water can penetrate between the individual fibers under continuous pressure. Water does not penetrate the fibers (the fabric remains dry), but moisture can push past the fibers and into the interior. The water-repellent properties are tested with DIN EN 29865 using a Bundesmann rain-shower tester.

The label is rewarded if requirements according to the DIN CEN/TR 16422 standard for the thermoregulatory properties of the clothing layer are met. 

All Hohenstein Quality Labels are based on test reports with detailed results.

Contact
Ben Mead
Managing Director
Hohenstein Americas